History 118 final exam study guide

Your final exam will take place on Wednesday, June 8 from 12:00–3:00 p.m. It will be three hours in length. First, please be ready to write a single detailed essay. It will consist of responses to three out of the five question areas you see below. So, three of these question areas will appear and you will make a single essay out of them; I will choose the question areas. The essay will be worth 50 percent of your grade.

Question Area 1. What was détente? Deploying five examples, explain how détente played itself out between the United States and the Soviet Union from 1963 through the end of the Cold War.  These examples should include events in Europe.

Question Area 2. While détente flourished, proxy battles between the United States and Soviet Union erupted all over the world. Describe how the US and USSR tried to hold onto their empires or spheres of influence from 1962 through 1991. Give three examples of US and three examples of Soviet interventions.  Did détente help the developing world, or make matters worse?

Question Area 3. How did Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher represent a departure from previous Cold War leaders? Be sure to discuss both their foreign and domestic policies.

Question Area 4. Why and how did détente weaken during the 1970s and 1980s? Name three significant conflicts or trends that put stress on détente (this section can be duplicative of part two). When do you think détente ended, and why?

Question Area 5. Why did the Soviet Union and the Soviet empire collapse? Construct a narrative timeline consisting of five significant events leading to the fall and disillusionment of the USSR.

In addition, there will be seven identifications. You will be asked to answer five of them in paragraphs of four or five sentences apiece. Each will be worth a maximum of 10 points.

Possible IDs:

Ostpolitik, Contragate, Helsinki Agreement, Tet Offensive, Alexander Dubcek, Anwar Sadat, Leonid Brezhnev, SALT, Menachem Begin, Great Leap Forward, Cultural Revolution, Le Duc Tho, “there is no such thing as society,” Wojciech Jaruzelski, perestroika, Carter Doctrine,  Vaclav Havel, Lech Walesa, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Pol Pot, Nelson Mandela, F.W. de Klerk, Boris Yeltsin, Salvador Allende, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeinei, Zbigniev Brezezinski, Molammad Reza Pahlavi,  Patrice Lumumba, Sandinistas, Strategic Defense Initiative, Oliver North, Karol Cardinal Wojtyla, People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan, Milovan Djilas, Jiang Qing, Alexander Haig, Lin Bao, Gerald Ford, Operation  Rolling Thunder, Eugene McCarthy, Willy Brandt, Camp David agreement.

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