TuTh 10:00AM – 11:45AM; Soc Sci 2 075.
This course serves as a general introduction to the politics and history of the United States of America from 1877 through the First World War. It follows the USA as the country evolved from its fragmented, unstable post-Civil War inception to a more centralized, statist, corporate dominated nation-state in the 1920s. Through the course, we will also visit the many ways that technologies changed or were changed by the society that created and used them.
The course will require students to take three identification tests, complete a final essay examination, and write a term paper. The ID tests will be worth 10 percent of the grade each, the final examination essay 25 percent, the term paper 25 percent, and section participation the remaining 20 percent. Section participation is mandatory as is class attendance. Students who miss more than one section will receive a lower grade in the class.
Students who take this class should be prepared to devote 15 hours a week to its requirements. Around five hours involves attending lectures and sections; the rest should be dedicated to the reading and writing assignments.
Students who complete this course will come away with a strong overview of the political and cultural history of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era in the United States, roughly the 1870s through the outbreak of the First World War. In addition, students will develop an appreciation of the huge impact that technology had on US society during those years, and on the debates over that impact that remain with us to this day. This period of American history saw the rise of the telephone, the wireless telegraph, the automobile, and electric light. Were the enormous gains in productivity that accompanied these innovations shared by all Americans? How did assumptions about ethnicity, race, and gender common during these years affect the social distribution of those technologies? Students who complete all the requirements for History 110e will have given focused thought to these questions.
Nell Irvin Painter, Standing at Armageddon
Michael McGerr, A Fierce Discontent
Lawrence Levine, Highbrow Lowbrow
Ernest Freeberg, Age of Edison
Selected online readings and my PowerPoint slides
Week 1 (March 29 and 31): Introduction to the class
Readings: Painter, preface, introduction, and chapters one and two
Chapter two from Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk.
Week 2 (April 5 and 7): Reconstruction, railroads, and the “radical center”
McGerr, chapters one and two
Section discussion tasks:
- Make a list of things that were invented in the United States between the 1870s and The First World War.
- In the introduction to her book, Nell Irvin Painter argues that during the Gilded Age, a debate took place between “identity-of-interest” advocates and “democratizers.” What were the essence of these conflicting philosophies? Who do you think could be understood as one or the other category in chapters one and two? Make a list.
- What is Du Bois’ perspective on the Freedman’s Bureau?
Week 3 (April 12 and 14): Knights, farmers, and temperance
Painter, chapter three
- Nell Irvin Painter notes that the Gilded Age saw a wide variety of “panacea” cures for American society (sort of one thing fixes all silver bullet cures). Make a list of them. Would any of them have worked by themselves? Are any of them still around?
Week 4 (April 19 and 21): Let there be [electric] light
Freeberg, chapters one through eight
- Reading through Freeberg’s chapters, what were the benefits of electric light? What problems did electric light pose? Were the benefits worth the problems? Is the world a better place because of electric light? How would you figure out how to answer this question? Can it really be answered?
Week 5 (April 26 and 28): The Progressive Empire
Painter, chapters four through six
McGerr, chapters three through five
Please submit a one page prospectus on your term paper during section this week. It should be a double spaced essay explaining what invention you will explore and what you’ve found out about it in The New York Times.
Here is a template for your assignment.
- Make a list of ways that McGerr thinks the Progressives wanted to “transform” Americans. What does he mean by the “radical center”? How much did Americans want to be transformed? For that matter, how much would you want to be transformed, Progressive style?
Week 6 (May 3 and 5): White supremacy on wheels
Painter, chapter seven
McGerr, chapter six
Du Bois, On Booker T. Washington and Others
Ida Wells, The Reason Why the Colored American is not at the World Columbia Exposition
The Maimie Caldwell Case
The Anti-Separate Coach Committee of Kentucky
Plessy v. Ferguson
Plessy v. Ferguson, Louis Harlan dissent
Identification exam #2 (May 5)
Discussion questions: How do we reconcile the Progressive Era with the period’s extremely regressive race politics? How did the Progressives see segregation as a “shield”? Can we understand W.E.B. Du Bois as a Progressive?
Week 7 (May 10 and 12): Movies, records, radio (and the highbrows who hated them)
Levine, entire book
McGerr, chapters seven and eight
- How did consumer culture challenge the Progressives?
- After reading Levine, do you think that we still think in “highbrow / lowbrow” terms?
Week 8 (May 17 and 19): Women and machines
Painter, chapters eight and nine
Please submit a one page introduction and conclusion to your term paper in section. This is a draft of the beginning and end of your paper. The introduction should explain the subject that you have chose to explore to the reader and very briefly mention what you have concluded. The conclusion should recapitulate your ideas and the evidence that you have offered.
So basically, this is a one page assignment requiring you to produce two paragraph fragments: one an introduction and the other a conclusion to your paper.
Discussion question: Nell Irvin Painter writes: “American thinking about gender was as multilayered and contradictory as that regarding race.” Make a list of all the layers and contradictions. How did they manage to come together to win the 19th Amendment?
Week 9 (May 24 and 26): The great machine war
Discussion questions: How did World War I impact Progressivism? How did Progressive impact United States involvement in World War I?
Painter, chapters ten and eleven
McGerr, chapter nine
Identification exam #3 (May 26)
Week 10 (May 31 and June 2): Charlie Chaplin explains it all
Study for your final exam; your term paper is due on the last day of lecture in the first ten minutes of lecture.
Final examination: Tuesday, June 7, 8 am to 11 am. Please do not ask for alternative examination times.